October 4, 2023


Simply Consistent

Which language is used in DevOps?

Top Programming Languages for Every DevOps Engineer

DevOps has become an integral part of modern software development practices, enabling faster and more efficient delivery of applications. It combines development and operations to enhance collaboration, automate processes, and improve software quality. While DevOps is not tied to a specific programming language, there are several languages commonly used in DevOps workflows, each with its own strengths and purposes.


DevOps, short for Development Operations, refers to a set of practices and tools that aim to bridge the gap between software development and IT operations. It emphasizes collaboration, automation, and continuous integration and delivery. Language plays a crucial role in DevOps as it determines how various components of the development and deployment pipeline interact with each other.

  1. Commonly Used Languages in DevOps


Python is a popular language in the DevOps community due to its simplicity and versatility. It offers a wide range of libraries and frameworks that streamline automation tasks, configuration management, and infrastructure provisioning. Python’s readable syntax and extensive community support make it an ideal choice for scripting and developing tools in the DevOps ecosystem.

Shell scripting

Shell scripting, often done using Bash or other shell languages, is another essential language in the DevOps landscape. Shell scripts allow for automating system administration tasks, managing file systems, and executing commands on remote servers. They are particularly useful for writing deployment scripts and orchestrating complex workflows.


Ruby is well-known for its usage in the Ruby on Rails web development framework. In DevOps, Ruby is primarily used for infrastructure automation. Tools like Chef and Puppet, written in Ruby, provide powerful solutions for configuration management, server provisioning, and infrastructure orchestration.


JavaScript, the language of the web, is also finding its place in DevOps. With the rise of containerization and microservices architectures, JavaScript-based frameworks like Node.js are used for building lightweight and scalable tools for managing deployments, monitoring, and logging.


Go, developed by Google, has gained popularity in DevOps due to its excellent performance, simplicity, and built-in support for concurrent programming. It is often used to build efficient and scalable systems, such as networking tools and microservices. Go’s statically typed nature and straightforward deployment make it an attractive option for DevOps engineers.


Java, a long-standing language in enterprise software development, also has its role in DevOps. It provides robustness, compatibility, and vast community support. Many enterprise-level DevOps tools and frameworks, like Jenkins and SonarQube, are written in Java.

  1. Choosing the Right Language for DevOps

Selecting the appropriate language for a DevOps project depends on various factors. Consider the following aspects when making your choice:

Compatibility with existing infrastructure

Consider the compatibility of the language with your existing infrastructure components, including operating systems, databases, and APIs. It is crucial to ensure smooth integration and interoperability.

Community support and available libraries

A thriving and supportive community is beneficial when adopting a new language for DevOps. Look for active communities, extensive documentation, and a wide range of libraries and frameworks that can help accelerate development and simplify tasks.

Performance and scalability

Evaluate the performance characteristics of the language. Assess its ability to handle the scale and workload requirements of your DevOps processes. Consider factors like execution speed, memory usage, and concurrency support.

Community support and available libraries

A thriving and supportive community is beneficial when adopting a new language for DevOps. Look for active communities, extensive documentation, and a wide range of libraries and frameworks that can help accelerate development and simplify tasks. DevOps Training often covers the language’s ecosystem and available resources.

  1. Python in DevOps

Python’s simplicity and readability make it an excellent choice for DevOps tasks. It offers a vast ecosystem of libraries, such as Ansible, Fabric, and Boto3, which facilitate infrastructure automation, configuration management, and cloud orchestration. With Python, DevOps engineers can write scripts to automate repetitive tasks, build monitoring tools, and integrate different parts of the deployment pipeline.

  1. Shell Scripting in DevOps

Shell scripting provides a quick and efficient way to interact with the operating system and execute commands. It is particularly valuable for automating repetitive tasks, such as configuring servers, running backups, or deploying applications. Shell scripts can be easily integrated into DevOps workflows, enabling seamless automation and orchestration of processes.

  1. Other Languages in DevOps

Apart from Python and shell scripting, other languages find their utility in specific DevOps scenarios:

  • Ruby: Ruby is extensively used in tools like Chef and Puppet for infrastructure automation and configuration management.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript, especially with Node.js, is gaining popularity in DevOps for managing web applications, deploying microservices, and handling frontend-related tasks.
  • Go: Go’s performance, simplicity, and built-in support for concurrency make it suitable for developing networking tools, building scalable systems, and microservices.
  • Java: Java offers enterprise-level robustness and compatibility, making it a preferred choice for building and deploying DevOps tools in large organizations.
  1. Hybrid Approaches and Language Agnostic Tools

In many DevOps projects, a combination of languages is used to leverage the strengths of each. For example, Python might be used for scripting and automation tasks, while Go or Java can power the performance-critical components. Furthermore, there are language-agnostic tools and frameworks like Jenkins, Kubernetes, and Terraform that allow integration with multiple languages and systems.


Choosing the right language for DevOps is a crucial decision that impacts the effectiveness and efficiency of development and deployment workflows. Python, with its versatility and rich ecosystem, remains a popular choice. However, other languages like shell scripting, Ruby, JavaScript, Go, and Java have their unique advantages in specific DevOps scenarios. The key is to consider compatibility, community support, and performance characteristics when making the language choice. Remember, being open to learning and experimenting with different languages is essential for continually improving your DevOps practices.